Non intimidating thesaurus
Non intimidating thesaurus - review online sugar daddy dating
Human transgressions have been punished in various ways throughout history.The standard punishments in ancient Greek and Roman societies were death, Slavery, mutilation (Corporal Punishment), imprisonment, or Banishment. In ancient Rome, for example, a person who murdered a close relative was enclosed in a sack with a cock, a viper, a dog, and a monkey, and then cast into the sea. Until the nineteenth century, the death penalty, or Capital Punishment, was imposed in England for more than 200 different crimes.
Men who committed adultery were put to death, as were those who engaged in bestiality.
The utilitarian theory is "consequentialist" in nature.
It recognizes that punishment has consequences for both the offender and society and holds that the total good produced by the punishment should exceed the total evil.
Theories of punishment can be divided into two general philosophies: utilitarian and retributive.
The utilitarian theory of punishment seeks to punish offenders to discourage, or "deter," future wrongdoing.
Often the body part sliced off was the part thought responsible for the act.
A pickpocket, for example, might have a hand cut off, and a spy might lose an ear, tongue, or eye.
Most of these crimes were petty violations, such as pick-pocketing or swindling.
A defendant could be hanged, burned at the stake, or beheaded. A person found guilty of Treason, for example, was placed on a rack and stretched, hanged until not quite dead, then disemboweled, beheaded, and quartered (cut into four pieces).
The punishment serves as an example to the rest of society, and it puts others on notice that criminal behavior will be punished.
Specific deterrence means that the punishment should prevent the same person from committing crimes. First, an offender may be put in jail or prison to physically prevent her from committing another crime for a specified period.
The witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts, illustrated the inventiveness of punishment in some of the colonies.